STIs: What To Avoid With Infections

STIsWhat are STIs

STIs (Sexually transmitted infections) are infections or diseases that are passed on during unprotected sex with an infected partner. So this includes vaginal, anal or oral sex. Consequently, some STIs can be passed on by just skin-to-skin contact.

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What causes sexually transmitted diseases (STDs):

  • Firstly, bacteria, including chlamydia, gonorrhoea, and syphilis
  • Secondly, viruses, including HIV/AIDS, herpes simplex virus, human papillomavirus, hepatitis B virus, cytomegalovirus (CMV), and Zika
  • Thirdly, parasites, such as trichomonas vaginalis, or insects such as crab lice or scabies mites.

Common STIs include:

  • Gonorrhoea
  • Chlamydia
  • Genital herpes
  • Genital warts.

Other less common STIs include:

  • Syphilis
  • Hepatitis B
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which can lead to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
  • Bacterial vaginosis
  • Cystitis
  • Giardia infection (giardiasis)
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV)
  • Molluscum contagiosum
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Pubic lice
  • Scabies (sexually transmitted infection)
  • Trichomoniasis.

Sexual conditions

Conditions such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and sexual problems need a medical evaluation and treatment. In most cases there are no STI symptoms, although there’s sometimes a discharge from the vagina or the penis and burning or pain occur during urination.

Doctors equipment for STIs

Doctors use STI tests to diagnose sexually transmitted infections such as Chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, and trichomoniasis. Firstly, various tests can confirm HIV. STI treatment can help resolve these sexual conditions, practicing safe sex is the best way to prevent infections. Safe sex, in a nutshell, is about avoiding the exchange of body fluids. In addition, using a condom every time you have sex can greatly reduce your risk of contracting an STI – or consequently passing one on.


You may not have any obvious symptoms if you have STIs. However, a person who is exposed to a person who is infected by STIs, or can spread the infection to other people through oral, vaginal, or anal sex. If you left untreated, some infections can make you infertile. It is advisable to always use condoms when engaging in sex. If you want to engage in unprotected sex you should both be tested before.

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